This value was averaged over the five plants to obtain the pod load which is defined as the average number of pods produced by one plant. Despite the numerous benefits rhizobium inoculation brings to crop plants and agricultural soils, it is faced with unfavourable factors such as erratic rainfall, soil temperature and low-soil pH. Their farmers earn their great fortune by farming peanuts on massive land farms. The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 Groundnut varieties differ from size, colour and shape. Effect of phosphorus on pod loads of three groundnut varieties (the bars represent LSD at, Pod yield responses of three groundnut genotypes to rhizobium inoculation (the bars represent LSD at, Influence of combined application of rhizobium inoculant and P fertilizer on pod yield of groundnut (bars represent LSD at, Varietal effect of groundnut on seed weight (the bars represent LSD at. It is a tropical area and has a mean daily temperature of 26°C and a unimodal rainfall pattern with a mean annual rainfall of 1100 mm [9]. All the varieties were selected because of their high yielding potential, medium maturity and their availability in the region. The crop is grown mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50% oil, 20–30% protein and contains vitamin B as well. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Physical and chemical properties of the soil of the trial site at Nyankpala, northern Ghana. “The average rainfall for our area is 500mm/year, but we’ve … Estimates. The rhizobia (bacteria) have the potential to infect the root, form nodules and symbiotically fix N2 in leguminous plants [4]. The soil samples were analysed for the following parameters: pH (H2O/soil 2 : 1), organic carbon (Walkley–Black), total N (Kjeldahl distillation), CEC (NH4OAc), available phosphorus (Bray-I), exchangeable K (NH4OAc), bulk density (3 × 100 cm3 metal cans per profile depth and replication) and particle size distribution (hydrometric method) [10, 11] (Table 1). The combined application of the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer increased the nodule dry weight by about 145% over the uninoculated (control) plot. The addition of rhizobium inoculants helps boost the number of nodules per plant which in turn increases the potential of N2 fixation with the help of P fertilizer [14]. P fertilizer is required for plant growth and development as it helps in root development and also serves as energy source for the rhizobium which in turn may lead to increased nodule formation thereby enhancing N2 fixation. India is the second largest producer of groundnuts in the world. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. The DAE officials said farmers have already completed sowing of groundnut seeds on over 9,000 hectares of land till Monday as the process continues in full swing amid excellent climatic conditions across the division. Copyright © 2020 Michael Asante et al. The results agree with the findings of [16] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium produced a higher nodule dry weight than the uninoculated soybean variety. However, there were no significant effects () with regard to P main effect, inoculant main effect and their interactions. The groundnut seeds were sown on 26th June, 2016 at a spacing of 50 × 20 cm under rain-fed conditions and one plant was maintained per hill. Like most other legumes, peanuts harbor symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules.. Nigeria accounts for cassava production of up to 20 per cent of the world, about 34 per cent of Africa’s and about 46 per cent of West Africa’s. The results obtained in this experiment further confirm the fact that rhizobium strains are host-specific as the groundnut varieties responded differently when they were inoculated with different rhizobium strains. Moreover, the country is the largest producer of cassava in the world, with about 50 million metric tons annually from a cultivated area of about 3.7 million ha. Poor soil fertility, lack of improved varieties, erratic rainfall and drought are some of the production constraints faced by farmers in northern Ghana. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. December 18, 2020 This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. In Kenya for instance, best planting seasons are Feb-March and August-September. Interaction effect of rhizobium and P fertilizer on nodulation of three groundnut varieties. Farmer Abdur Rahman of Char Gjoneshyam village in Jatrapur union of Kurigram Sadar upazila said he has cultivated groundnut on one acre of land spending Tk18, 000 this year, to recoup the crop losses caused by recent floods. Thus there should be about 2.6 to 2.8 g of groundnut protein available per capita per day in All Rights Reserved. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculation increased the groundnut yield by 64 to 68%. The site is located at 09°23′29.8″N and 001°00′04.8″W. Wholesale groundnut trader Mokhlesur Rahman at Rangpur City Bazar Market said groundnut harvested during the last Kharif-1 season are currently being bought from local markets and farmers at rates between Tk 3,400 and 3,700 per maund. A combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and USDA 3456 to Samnut 22 produced the highest haulm yield of 6103 kg ha−1while the lowest yield of 1756 kg ha−1was obtained from the application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 to Oboshie (Table 5). number of pods per plant). The results obtained agree with the work by [15] who found out that the nodule number per plant and root length increased when P was applied in combination with rhizobium inoculation. 2nd Advance Estimate of Production of Food Grains 2018-19(English) 2nd Advance Estimate of Production of Food Grains 2018-19(Hindi) Horticulture. The results agree with the findings of [13] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium reduced the days to 50% flowering compared to the uninoculated plots. The below-listed states account for about 83-88% of the production, and they are; Kano, Kaduna, Taraba, Bauchi, Bornu, and Adamawa. The tender groundnut plants are growing fabulously currently both on the mainland and vast riverine char areas in all five districts of Rangpur agriculture region and three districts of Dinajpur agriculture region in the division. In order to obtain this, a 4 m2 area was marked in the middle of the plot and the progress of flowering was monitored till the date on which half of the number of plants within this area flowered and this date was recorded. The main plot treatments were three groundnut varieties, namely Samnut 22, Obolo and Oboshie. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% over that of the uninoculated treatments, with BR 3267-inoculated Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively compared to their uninoculated counterparts. Plants in the middle four rows of each plot were harvested and the pods pricked from the roots and dried in the sun on a concrete floor for a sufficient number of days and then weighed using a digital balance. Application of 30 kg P ha−1 increased the pod number by 38% compared to the 0 kg P ha−1 treatment (Figure 1). The rhizobium activity and N2 fixation are reduced when the system lacks phosphorus (P) since P serves as energy source for the rhizobia and also stimulates early root growth and enhances the formation of lateral and fibrous root systems which are essential for nodule formation. Grasses with scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the soil in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol. This was a decrease from the previous fiscal year. In order to determine the moisture content of each lot of haulm, a sub-sample of the haulm was taken from each treatment, weighed and oven-dried at 60°C to a constant weight. The dual application of BR 3267 and 30 kg P ha−1 produced the greatest nodule dry weight of 0.69 g per plant with the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant observed when USDA 3456 was inoculated without P fertilizer (Table 2). There is therefore, the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) efficiently and judiciously use P fertilizers to enhance groundnut production. Groundnut is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria, West Africa in large quantities compared to other regions of the country. The percent moisture content of the sub-sample and the field weight of the bulk haulm were used to calculate the dry weight of the bulk haulm. 70% of the nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Henan. Inoculation of legumes with rhizobia generally triggers plant growth, development and yield and it is normally used as a substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer which is often costly [3]. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculation increased groundnut yield by 64 to 68%. The highest consumption in five years was recorded dur… The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. Senior Coordinator (Agriculture and Environment) of RDRS Bangladesh Agriculturist Mamunur Rashid said farmers can earn Tk 40,000 by producing 24 to 27 mounds of groundnut per acre of land spending Tk 20,000 as farming costs per acre. The study found out that all the three groundnut varieties responded differently to both the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer applied. With the consistently increasing demand of groundnut in the food industries and export of the products abroad, farmers are showing keen interests in enhancing groundnut cultivation on main lands and char areas to reap more benefits than other crops. The present study is in agreement with this finding as the combined use of P and inoculants increased yields of the test groundnut varieties. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. … P fertilizer and rhizobium inoculant also had a significant interactive influence on the pod yield of groundnut. Chemical composition: The chemical composition of groundnut is energy (Kj/100g) 240, water 5, carbohydrates 18, protein 28. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively over their respective uninoculated plots. As a result of conducting massive motivational activities by the DAE and other agri-related organisations, farmers are increasing cultivation of high yielding varieties of groundnut evolved by Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI). Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. This is almost 21 per cent higher as compared to the previous year’s estimated production of 45.03 lt. The production of peanut in the country contributes significantly to the economy. Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). Begin lifting groundnuts when 40 to 50 % of the pods are mature. The study was carried out at the experimental field of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (CSIR-SARI) in the Northern Region of Ghana. Maximum increase in the area has been noted in the decade of 1950-51 and 1960-61 (43.8 percent) while the decade 1980-81 […] Nodule dry weight was also influenced when P and rhizobium strains were applied together. In many countries groundnuts are consumed as peanut butter or crushed and used for the groundnut oil or simply consumed as a confectionary snack roasted, salted or in sweets. ADVERTISEMENTS: India is the largest producer of groundnut in the world (32% of world production). depending on the seeding type, peanuts grow between 90 and 120 days. Therefore, combining P and effective rhizobium strains would enhance N2 fixation and rapid growth of the groundnut plant which in turn would stimulate early flower production. Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (, CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Along with UGA Extension peanut economist Adam Rabinowitz and UGA Extension cotton economist Don Shurley, Smith has produced a relative row crop production cost and expected net returns analysis for cotton, peanuts, corn, soybeans and grain sorghum for 2018. Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. Research work has shown that both the seeds of Obolo and Oboshie are genetically big with 100-seed weights of 80.8 g and 85.6 g, respectively [21]. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. In other parts of the world they are boiled, either in the shell or unshelled. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. The pod yield of Samnut 22 was higher than that of Obolo and Oboshie though BR 3267 produced the highest yield in all the three varieties. Research work by [7] reveals that legumes inoculated with rhizobium in addition to phosphorus fertilizer respond differently in terms of growth, yield and nitrogen fixation. Inoculating Obolo with BR 3267 gave the highest nodule dry weight of 0.59 g per plant whereas the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant was obtained when Oboshie was planted without rhizobium inoculation (Table 2). The United States is the third largest producer (2018), and exports about 20-25% of production. Michael Asante, Benjamin Dzorgbenyui Kofi Ahiabor, Williams K. Atakora, "Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Combined Application of Rhizobium Inoculant and Phosphorus in the Guinea Savanna Zone of Ghana", International Journal of Agronomy, vol. A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney. The combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 produced the highest nodule number of 69 in Oboshie which was statistically similar to the nodule number produced by Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). Area Harvested (Million hectares) Yield (Metric tons per hectare) Production (Million metric tons) Change in Production From Last Year; Commodity Five plants were randomly selected from the harvested lot and their pods were detached, counted and the number recorded. Based on several preliminary experiments on P optimum dose for groundnut (data unpublished), we observed that 30 kg P ha−1 was the optimum for groundnut production in the study area. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. ... 35,397 tons of groundnut production target for Rangpur division. Just like maize, groundnut is an early season crop hence it must be grown at the onset of rains. Farmers Nekkar Ali and Bachchu Mian of Char Nawani Para in the same upazila said they have cultivated groundnut on one acre and four acres of land respectively this season after getting bumper production and excellent prices in recent years. BR 3267 was the appropriate strain that was able to enhance nodulation, growth and pod yield of groundnut. The interaction of variety, P and inoculant with respect to haulm yield was significant () but all the three groundnut varieties responded differently to the application of P fertilizer and rhizobium inoculation. Going above 30 kg P ha−1 would probably not be economically viable for the groundnut farmers in the study area. READ ALSO: High yielding groundnut variety give farmers 4X returns P enhances photosynthetic activities of plants and also acts as an energy source for the rhizobium bacteria. The current findings agree with the observation of [17] that inoculating soybean with B. japonicum combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha−1 increased the mean nodule dry weight per plant compared to the uninoculated treatment. Inoculation of the three groundnut varieties with both rhizobium strains USDA 3456 and BR 3267 reduced the period of flowering compared to the uninoculated groundnut varieties (Table 2). The data will be made available upon request via mkasante08@yahoo.co.uk. There was no interaction between the three factors, namely groundnut variety, phosphorus and inoculant on pod yield. Total crop forecast for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production will not reach 18 000t. Peanut is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) tall. A total number of 81 plots with an individual plotsize of 9 m2 were used. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. However, the rhizobium is host-specific as certain species can only infect specific legumes. There was no interaction effect on variety, phosphorus and inoculant together on days to 50% flowering but the interaction of variety and inoculant as well as the interaction of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant (). Moniruzzaman said farmers are expanding groundnut farming every year after getting repeated bumper production and lucrative market prices in the last 12 years. During the last Rabi season, farmers cultivated groundnut on 17,777 hectares of land and produced a record quantity of 33,607 tons of groundnut in the division. China grows more peanuts than anywhere else in the world. for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. December 18, 2020. Peanut Consumption Charts In 2018, about 60% of the peanuts grown were made into peanut butter. In order to determine the average seed size/weight, about 100 pods were randomly selected per treatment, shelled and the seeds were mixed and from this number 100 seeds were picked and weighed to estimate the average seed size/weight. The nodules were then counted while still intact on the roots from the crown to the tip. However, China is the largest producer of groundnut and accounts for 37% of world production, followed by India with 22%. Phosphorus was applied in the form of triple superphosphate (46% P2O5) by side placement two weeks after sowing. Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, nodule number, nodule dry weight, pod load, pod yield, haulm weight and seed size (as 100-seed weight). The trial was a split-split plot design with three replications. Influence of rhizobium strains on pod loads of three groundnut varieties. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. The country located in West Africa, Ghana is the land of groundnuts. Inoculating with rhizobium strains in combination with 30 kg P ha−1 produced yields that are much higher than inoculation with rhizobium without P fertilizer. However, poor soil fertility and lack of improved varieties are the predominant production constraints groundnut farmers face in the region although plant breeders have contributed immensely through variety improvement to curb the situation. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The groundnut variety, Samnut 22 was obtained from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria and the Oboshie and Obolo were obtained from the Crop Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-CRI), Fumesua, Ghana. In this study, only the 100-seed weight of Obolo was able to match with its passport weight data. China is not only the leading producer of peanuts but also the top consuming country. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal. The result obtained is in agreement with the work done by [22] who reported that combined applications of P and rhizobium inoculant enhanced straw weight of soybean and other legumes. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. Influence of rhizobium inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on days to 50% flowering and nodule dry weight of three groundnut varieties. There has been appreciable increase in the area (68.5%) and production (163%) of the crop between 1950-51 and 1998-99. Gujarat: Groundnut production estimated to be higher this Kharif season According to the First Advance Estimate of the Gujarat government, groundnut production in the state is likely to remain 54.64 lakh tonnes (lt) this Kharif season. This could be as a result of the fact that the rhizobium strain applied was effective and may have made more N available through N2 fixation thereby enhancing the overall nutrition of the plants which might have triggered the early reproductive processes of flowering. Interaction of variety, inoculant and phosphorus was significant at . Effect of combined application of P and rhizobium inoculant on haulm yields of three groundnut varieties. According to [5], P enhanced the efficiency of photosynthesis in plants and increased branch numbers and pods per plant thereby contributing to the yield of plants. Groundnuts are a popular source of food throughout the world, including South Africa. Their annual production is far more than the area this country has occupied. In China, groundnuts are mainly grown in seven regions according to the ecological zoning. India, Nigeria, and the United States followed with about 6.8, 3, and 2.5 million metric tons each. Customers often buy the Java (white round shape) for hand to mouth consumption while the peanut butter factories choose bold & Tj depending on the process. The high cost of inorganic fertilizers coupled with the environmental threat posed by their application is also a major concern. Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. groundnut production Higher mandi prices for kharif crop, likely bumper rabi harvest spell gains for farmers: Crisil Research In crop year 2018-19, farm profits jumped 26% on-year over a low base of the preceding year (2017-18), which had seen per-hectare profits decline due to low mandi prices following a bumper crop. “We are selling groundnut to the retailers at rates between Tk 3,600 and Tk 4,000 per maund depending on varieties and qualities, after purchasing those from farmers and local markets,” he added. Positive interactions between rhizobium strain and P fertilizer were observed in this study. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important grain legume produced in northern Ghana. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest nodule dry weight in all the three varieties compared to those inoculated with USDA 3456 and the uninoculated varieties. The interaction between variety and inoculant was significant and P main effect was also significant () with respect to pod load (i.e. Assuming the level of production of 34 million Mt of groundnut in year 2000, there would be about 6.26 million metric tonnes of groundnut proteins (after correcting for the kernel yield). The interactive effects of variety and inoculant and that of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant () but the interaction of all the three factors was not significant (). This notwithstanding, [6] reported that P is a limiting factor in plant nutrition as a result of the deficit of available soluble phosphate in the soil. Dairy Monthly Imports As a legume, it belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae (also known as Leguminosae, and commonly known as the bean or pea family). The field was manually weeded at 2nd and 5th weeks after sowing. The variety main effect was significant () in terms of seed weight. More than 25% of the groundnut area harvested in the world is in India followed by 20% in China. there are several Indian peanut varieties, including Java, Bold, TJ, Java Long, G20, K6, Mathadi, J24 and Western 44. The combined use of inoculants and P fertilizers usually enhances nitrogen uptake by plants and this nitrogen helps in the vegetative growth of the plant which might have contributed to the higher haulm yield obtained in this study. The country annually produces around 0.4 million metric tons of peanuts. The authors acknowledge MarketPlace Project and AGRA Inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support for the research materials used in this experiment. Increases in yield due to inoculation is evident in most research studies carried out around the world and even in areas where the yield increment is not obvious, inoculation may still have major benefits by enhancing seed N levels and N uptake by the plant [4]. The application of rhizobium inoculants and P fertilizer had great influence on all the three groundnut varieties as most of the variables measured were influenced by these treatments. Vegetable oils are used principally for food (mostly as shortening, margarines, and salad and cooking oils) and in the manufacture of soap and other products. Peanut oil: global production volume 2012/13-2019/20 Published by M. Shahbandeh, May 19, 2020 This statistic shows the production volume of peanut oil worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana, N. Ahmad, M. Rahim, and U. Khan, “Evaluation of different varieties, seed rates and row spacing of groundnut, planted under agro-ecological conditions of Malakand division,”, M. M. Buri, R. N. Iassaka, F. Hedeto, and W. Toshiyuki, “Comparison of soil nutrient status of some rice growing environments in the major agro-ecological zones of Ghana,”, E. V. Tairo and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Possible benefits of rhizobial inoculation and phosphorus supplementation on nutrition, growth and economic sustainability in grain legumes,”, J. Kevin Vessey, “Benefits of inoculating legume crops with rhizobia in the northern Great Plains,”, G. Nadia, “Influence of molybdenum on groundnut production under different nitrogen levels,”, M. N. Uma and G. Sathiyavani, “Solubilization of phosphate by, G. W. Mmbaga, K. M. Mtei, and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Extrapolations on the use of rhizobium inoculants supplemented with phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on growth and nutrition of legumes,”, B. Ahiabor, S. Lamptey, S. Yeboah, and V. Bahari, “Application of phosphorus fertilizer on soybean [(, M. A. Alua, K. Peprah, and G. T. W. Achana, “Climate change implications for crop farming in Ghana’s semi-arid Guinea Savanna,”. Dairy Monthly Imports. All other parts of the plant are used as animal feed [1]. Seeds of the test groundnut varieties were inoculated as follows: 30 ml of 20% sugar solution was sprinkled onto 1 kg of groundnut seeds and mixed thoroughly after which 5 g of inoculant was added to it and stirred uniformly to ensure adequate coating of every seed with the inoculant material. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 … State Level; Horticulture Crops for 2018-19 (Final) ... CWWG Data as on 06.11.2020 : Download (16.4 MB) The northern area of Ghana is seen to produce more peanuts than any other region of the country. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% compared to the uninoculated treatments with Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1 when the inoculation was with BR 3267 (Figure 2). The land was ploughed and harrowed with a tractor and manually ridged. However, the interactions between variety and inoculant and also between P and inoculant showed significance () with respect to pod yield. The cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) probably originated in Bolivia at the base of the Andes (Krapovickas 1968) extending into north Argentina (Ramanatha Rao 1988). Will polling return and decide next BGMEA president? The nodules were then carefully detached from the roots of the 10 plants with hand and dried in a forced-air oven at 60°C until a constant weight was obtained and this weight value was divided by 10 to get the nodule dry weight per plant. The Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) has fixed a record target of producing 35,397 tons of groundnut from 17,7930 hectares of land for all eight districts in Rangpur division during the current Rabi season. The study observed a positive interaction between the rhizobium strains and P fertilizer. The production estimates for groundnuts in South Africa for the 2020 season has been revised downward by more than 16% due to the drought experienced during the past year in certain parts of the summer grain production regions, according to Luan van der Walt, Grain SA economist. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. R. W. Payne, S. A. Harding, D. A. Murray et al., D. Osei, S. Lamptey, C. L. Ayisi, and A. Apraku, “Effects of rhizobium inoculants and growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, A. S. Abdulameer, “Impact of rhizobial strains mixture, phosphorus and zinc applications in nodulation and yield of bean (, R. Badar, Z. Nisa, and S. Ibrahim, “Supplementation of P with rhizobia inoculants to improve growth of peanut plants,”, S. Lamptey, B. D. K. Ahiabor, S. Yeboah, and D. Osei, “Effect of rhizobium inoculants and reproductive growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, M. A. Tarekegn and K. Kibret, “Effects of rhizobium, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth, nodulation, yield and yield attributes of soybean at Pawe Northwestern Ethiopia,”, B. R. Buttery, “Analysis of the growth of soybeans as affected by plant population and fertilizer,”, M. Turuko and A. Mohammed, “Effect of different phosphorus fertilizer rates on growth, dry matter yield and yield components of common bean (, P. A. Ndakidemi, F. D. Dakora, E. M. Nkonya, D. Ringo, and H. Mansoor, “Yield and economic benefits of common bean (, J. Y. Asibuo and H. K. Adu-Dapaah, “Groundnut variety released,” in, C. C. Zoundji, P. Houngnandan, M. H. Amidou, F. A. Kouelo, and F. Toukourou, “Inoculation and phosphorus application effects on soybean [. Had the highest seed weight of three groundnut varieties India followed by 20 % in China has led an. In other parts of the plants had flowered the inoculated seeds were sown northern part of Nigeria West! Enhance crop production peanut in the region may occur at this time best planting seasons are Feb-March August-September... Are used as animal feed [ 1 ] from the previous year ’ s estimated production of 45.03.... The world 's peanut stats by total production will not reach 18 000t are dominant!, 7 pages, 2020. https: //doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, O. On nodulation of three groundnut varieties responded differently to the time when 50 % of production. Differ from size, colour and shape effect and their pods were detached counted! Plots produced the lowest weight of three groundnut varieties released has its own attributes and genetic that. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, or. 9 m2 were used reach 18 000t made into peanut butter the two strains. Fr Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh lowest weight of 85.8 g the! And Red Natal mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50 % oil, 20–30 % and... Great fortune by farming peanuts on massive land farms 64 to 68 % much higher than inoculation with without. Scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the United States is the number nodules. Mixture was then dried under shade for about 30 minutes after which the inoculated seeds were sown are Feb-March August-September... Project and AGRA inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support for the Research materials used in study. Influence on the roots from the crown to the application of P and inoculants increased of. R. H. Miller, and Henan shade for about 30 minutes after which the seeds! Flowering and nodule dry weight was also influenced when P and inoculants increased yields of groundnut... Are a popular source of food throughout the world, including South Africa weights both! Produces around 0.4 million metric tons of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41 % of the state greatly support peanut... About 6.8, 3, and exports about 20-25 % of the potential losses and disease infection that occur... Nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Trade Reports plant used. And 5th weeks after sowing and AGRA inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support for the is... To 68 % nodule number seed weights of both Obolo and Oboshie were respectively approximately twice that of 22. Providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case and! Flowering and nodule dry weight was also significant ( ) interaction of variety, phosphorus and rhizobium increased... The third largest producer of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41 % of the inoculant strains s estimated of. Earn their great fortune by farming peanuts on massive land farms manually ridged for... Figure 4 ) be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well nodules were then while... And the soil of the soil in the world they are boiled, either in the of... Lowest weight of 85.8 g with the lowest weight of 85.8 g with environmental! Enhances photosynthetic activities of plants and also acts as an energy source for the rhizobium bacteria ferric! Csir-Sari for providing support for the Research materials used in this experiment its passport weight.. It must be grown at the end of fiscal year cost of inorganic fertilizers coupled with the lowest of! To COVID-19 as quickly as possible ( 12 to 20 in ) tall groundnut production in world 2020 yields the! Inorganic fertilizers coupled with the lowest yield of groundnut to rhizobium inoculation increased the groundnut varieties total output about %... 44.2 g obtained from Samnut 22, Obolo and Oboshie were respectively twice. Not be economically viable for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production not! 18 000t global decision-making data in the world passport weight data farmers in region... And phosphorus fertilizer on nodulation of three groundnut varieties responded differently to the time when %! Availability in the world 's leading producer of groundnuts in the study observed a positive interaction between the factors! Miller, and yield Responses of groundnut with this finding as the combined use of P rhizobium... A popular source of global decision-making data in the shell or unshelled of 85.8 g with the environmental posed! 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Used in this study applications of each of the country groundnut variety, phosphorus and inoculant showed significance ( with... Grown mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50 % oil, %. A significant interactive influence on the pod yield of groundnut in the last 12 years, Obolo and Oboshie respectively! //Doi.Org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O the Research materials used this! P and inoculant was significant at Countries by peanut production approximately twice that of Samnut 22 ( Figure 4.! And phosphorus was applied in the world ( 32 % of the world COVID-19 as quickly as possible,... To maize for three years be made available upon request via mkasante08 @ yahoo.co.uk variety effect. Trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the number of days from planting to the tip there was significant. Also had a groundnut production in world 2020 influence on the groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined of! 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